Article 10321

Title of the article

Anatomofunctional and somatotypological features of female adolescent students in the Republic of Mordovia with regard to their ethnic origin 

Authors

Maksim M. Mishechkin, Senior lecturer of the sub-department of normal and pathological anatomy with a course of forensic medicine, Medicine institute, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), E-mail: maximM-M-M@yandex.ru
Ivan N. Chairkin, Doctor of medical sciences, professor of the sub-department of human anatomy, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University (1 Ostrovityaninova street, Moscow, Russia), E-mail: chairkin@rambler.ru
Mariya N. Yurtaykina, Assistant of the sub-department of normal and pathological anatomy with a course of forensic medicine, Medicine institute, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), E-mail: m.n.yurtaikina@rambler.ru
Elizaveta I. Chairkina, Student, First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov (building 2, 8 Trubetskaya street, Moscow, Russia), E-mail: Chairkina.liza.44@gmail.com
Konstantin V. Bokov, Student, Medical Institute, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), E-mail: ksoura@mail.ru 

Index UDK

611.01-057.875:616.071(470.345) 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3032-2021-3-10 

Abstract

Background. Russia’s population is very diverse of ethnic composition, which is characterized by peculiar living conditions. One of the topical areas of modern anatomy is the research of morphotypological and functional indicators taking into account ethnoterritorial characteristics. Until now, the level of physical development, features of anatomical and functional states, the nature of the distribution of somatotypes of female students of adolescence, taking into account ethnicity in the Republic of Mordovia, have not been studded. The purpose of rhe study is to research the anatomical, functional and somatotypological characteristics of female students of the Republic of Mordovia at the age of 17–20 years, taking into account ethnicity. Materials and methods. The object of the research served 1648 of female adolescence at the age of 17-20 years students of «Ogarev Mordovia State University (of which 824 were Russian girls and 824 were Mordovian girls) as a separate social group. To determine anthropometric and functional indicators, used standard generally accepted methods. Results. We compared the anatomical and functional indicators of the girls of the Republic of Mordovia, taking into account their ethnicity. It was determined that a mesomorphic body type with proportional development, normal body weight, with an average vital index and strength index is widespread among girls. Revealed that among Russian girls, individuals with an average face shape, narrow chest, and asthenic somatotype prevailed, while among the representatives of the Mordovian ethnic group – with a wide face shape, proportional to the chest, normosthenic somatotype. In the Russian ethnic group, body length indicators were higher, which is most likely due to a genetic condition. Conclusion. The best results of a comparative assessment of the anthropometric and functional indicators of the organism of student youth and the establishment of anatomical, functional and somatotypological features, as well as the level of physical development, are obtained when the researcher uses the data obtained for a specific ethnic group. 

Key words

somatotype, physical development, ethnicity 

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References

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Дата создания: 23.11.2021 14:17
Дата обновления: 25.11.2021 13:34